WRITING ASSIGNMENT/FINAL PAPER
Assignment: Discuss and reflect on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study using sociological
terms/theories from the Ferris and Stein textbook and course professor’s lecture summaries
Sources:
 “Racism and Research: the Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study” written by Michael Brandt
found in Readings for Sociology, edited by Garth Massey. MUST cite correctly – use the Purdue
OWL link for correct format
 Ferris and Stein textbook: Chapter 1 – Sociological perspective; Chapter 2 – Sociological
research; Chapter 3 – Culture; Chapter 4 – Socialization; Chapter 6 – Deviance; Chapter 7 –
Stratification; Chapter 8 – Race/ethnicity; and Chapter 16 – Social Movements/Social Change
Want to be successful? DO THE FOLLOWING:
 Include a Cover Sheet and Abstract AND FOLLOW APA format
 First paragraph must be an introductory paragraph; introductory paragraph must have a thesis
statement and clearly delineate discussion points of paper
 Other than the introduction paragraph and conclusion paragraph, for EACH required section
in PART 2 – MUST correctly define, cite, use, and provide examples for at least two (2) terms
as you discuss the Brandt essay. Must cover the following topics/chapters: culture, socialization,
deviance and social control, stratification, race/ethnicity, social change, and sociological
perspective. So a minimum of 14 words/terms must be defined in the paper
 Define terms from and cite the Ferris and Stein textbook correctly
 Examples must come from the Brandt article found in the Massey textbook – cite correctly
 Use APA format for paper format, all citations and sources
 Use complete sentences, correct grammar and spelling
 Last paragraph must be a conclusion
 Must have a reference page – review APA format link in Bb
 Must include a “data collection” page. Should follow the references page
There are TWO MAJOR PARTS to this assignment: Part 1/Part 2 – DO BOTH to earn credit
PART 1 – Prepare AND Collect
Step 1: REQUIRED – Read the general instructions for this assignment – found in Blackboard under
the Writing Assignment link
Step 2: REQUIRED – Read the grading rubric/review how your work will be evaluated by your course
professor
Step 3: REQUIRED – Read essay #8, and edited by G. Massey: “Racism and Research: the Case of
the Tuskegee Syphilis Study” by Allan M. Brandt found in Readings for Sociology, edited by G. Massey.
This essay is the focus of your discussion – using the instructions below (part 2) to guide you!
Step 4: REQUIRED – Re-read the following text book chapters, lecture summaries, and notes for the following:
Sociological Perspective/Chapter 1; Sociological Research/Chapter 2, Culture/Chapter 3, Socialization and
Social Interaction/Chapter 4; Deviance/Chapter 5; Stratification/Chapter 7; Race and Ethnicity/Chapter 8; and
Social Change/Chapter 16
Step 5: OPTIONAL – Watch the documentary posted to Blackboard – found under the Writing
Assignment/Final Paper link – this is helpful
Step 6: OPTIONAL – Read/review the full article written by Allan M. Brandt. This IS NOT a primary
source for examples. The edited version in the Massey textbook is the primary source for examples
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Step 7: REQUIRED – Create a DATA COLLECTION SHEET by answering the questions A-HH on a
separate sheet. This is a required component of the writing assignment/Final Paper and must be
submitted as part of your submission – both the rough draft and final draft. The data collection sheet is
NOT the writing assignment. Responses can be handwritten or typed.
Written again for emphasis: Your answers to the questions A-HH MUST be emailed to the course
professor as part of the Rough Draft and uploaded with your Writing Assignment/ Final Paper to
Blackboard. If it is not, you will receive a zero (0) for this assignment. Your data collection page MUST
be clearly identified.
Complete sentences are NOT required and no citation required for the Data Collection Sheet
(PART 1) because the data collection is “your notes”
A. When did the study occur?
B. Where did the study occur?
C. How long did it last?
D. Who were the subjects of the study?
E. What was the race of the subjects of the study?
F. Who initiated and created the study?
G. What was the race of the primary researchers/scientists of the study?
H. What was the goal of the study?
I. What type of research design was used to conduct the study?
a. Review the research designs presented in Ch 2
J. What did the government researchers/scientists learn about syphilis?
K. What happened to the subjects in the study?
L. Using cultural beliefs and values of the 21st century answer the following question: Was this
study ethical or unethical?
M. How do you determine if the study was ethical or unethical?
N. Would it be acceptable to replicate this study today?
O. At the time that study began and ended, describe the dominant group who controlled and
oversaw the study?
P. At the time that study began and ended, describe the dominant culture in the United
States?
Q. At the start of the study (1930’s) and when the study was ended (1970’s), what were the
beliefs and values held by dominant culture as it relates to minorities? As it relates to
Blacks/African Americans?
R. Who represented the minority at the time of the study?
S. Compare the beliefs and values of the dominant group of the 21st century (present-day) to
that of the dominant group in the 20th century when the study took place. Is there a
difference between then and now?
a. Why yes OR why no?
T. At any time during the study, was the dominant group exhibiting ethnocentrism or cultural
relativism?
U. Whichever you select – ethnocentrism or cultural relativism – provide an example that
supports your response to “T”
V. Were formal norms violated during the study?
a. If so, provide examples
W. Were informal norms violated during the study?
a. If so, describe examples
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X. Describe how formal norms and language play a role in the way members of the dominant
culture interacted and treated minority members of society during the time of the study?
a. Consider: dominant culture = White, doctor and scientists working for the United States
government and compare to non-dominant members of society = poor, African
American males who were share croppers
Y. Describe how formal norms and language play a role in the way members of the dominant
culture interact and treated minority members of society today – modern times?
a. Reflect on all minority groups, not just the group referenced in the study
Z. What role does socialization play in the acceptance of beliefs about a particular group of
people in U.S. society? Review info presented in Ch 4
AA.What behavior and whose behavior was identified as deviant in the essay?
BB.Did any behavior elicit a negative reaction or result in sanctions?
CC.Reflect on pyramid of deviance – how are “the ideal” of society viewed versus those who
are seen as more deviant because of social economic status? Race/ethnicity? Sex? Gender
orientation?
DD. What type of social control was used to discourage the subjects from NOT participating?
EE. If the study was replicated today, would anyone be guilty of a crime?
a. Who?
b. Would anyone be charged with a crime?
c. Would anyone be found guilty of a crime?
FF. Now that you have read the essay, how might your knowledge of this event in history help
you promote social change – help you change the society in which you live?
GG. Describe ways that you can encourage equality and discourage inequality based on
a. social class
b. race/ethnicity
c. wealth, prestige, and power
HH. Describe ways that you can encourage social interaction that promotes a “better”
community for you and your family; your group in society; your society (U.S.)
II. Does a diverse and inclusive society (U.S.) lead to a better global society?
PART 2: Using the information collected from Part 1: WRITE a well-organized paper – read and
complete A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I below to create your paper. For each topic, define terms from Ferris
and Stein / provide examples from the Brandt essay AND CITE using APA format
A. Write an introductory paragraph with a thesis statement that introduces your discussion of the
Tuskegee Syphilis Study and culture, socialization, deviance, and race. Do not quote any of the
textbooks – your own words only.
B. Use the “data” you collected from the questions A-N and write paragraph(s) that
describe – VERY BRIEF/SHORT paragraph.
i. the main points of the essay
ii. the results and consequences of the study
iii. the ethical nature of the study (was it ethical)
iv. the moral nature of replicating the study today (would it be moral to repeat this study)
In your response, define and use at least two (2) words from any of the following chapters in the Ferris and
Stein textbook/course professor’s lecture summary that support your discussion/ statements: Chapter 1,
Chapter 2, Chapter 3. If you quote the Brandt article, you must cite it!
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C. Use the “data” you collected from the questions O-U and write paragraph(s) that
describe and explain
i. the different cultural and racial groups described in the essay (video may help)
ii. difference cultural beliefs, values, and norms between the dominant racial group and the
minority racial group described in the essay (video to help)
iii. how prejudicial beliefs and norms allow discrimination of a minority group by the
dominant group to occur
iv. a theory of prejudice and how it explains the dominant group’s relationship with the
minority group
In your response, define and use at least two (2) words from any of the following chapters in the Ferris and
Stein textbook/course professor’s lecture summary that support your discussion/ statements: Chapter 3,
Chapter 4, and Chapter 8. If you quote the Brandt article, you must cite it!
D. Use the “data” you collected from the questions V-DD and write paragraph(s) that
describe and explain
i. How the dominant group, based on race, education, economic statue, used its power,
prestige and status to label members of society as deviant and to control the behavior
of members of society
In your response, define and use at least two (2) words from the following chapters in the Ferris and Stein
textbook/course professor’s lecture summary that support your discussion/statements: Chapter 3, Chapter 4,
Chapter 5, and Chapter 8. If you quote the Brandt article, you must cite it!
E. Use the “data” you collected from the questions X, Y, and Z and write paragraphs that
describe and explain:
i. the role of socialization and its impact on members of society
ii. What beliefs and values, language, and norms did members of society accept about self and
“the other”
iii. What were the socialization agents of the time that the study took place?
iv. How were they used to influence members of society?
In your response, define and use at least two (2) words from the following chapters in the Ferris and Stein
textbook that support your discussion/statements: Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5,
Chapter 7, Chapter 8, and Chapter 16. If you quote the Brandt article, you must cite it!
F. Use the “data” you collected from the questions FF-II and write paragraph(s) that
describe and explain
i. How members of society can promote social change
ii. How you can promote social change within your community
iii. How you can promote social change at a macro level – national/global
In your response, define and use at least two (2) words from the following chapters in the Ferris and Stein
textbook that support your discussion/statements: Chapter 3, Chapter 4, and Chapter 16. If you quote the
Brandt article, you must cite it!
G. Use one of the three major sociological perspectives (Ch 1) presented in this course
to discuss the events presented in the essay. Use the chart presented in chapter 8 to
guide your thoughts on sociological perspective and race/ethnicity
i. Option 1: if using the functional perspective/theory – what is the function, purpose,
benefit of this study and its overall impact the study had on society?
ii. Option 2: if using the conflict perspective/theory – in what way did this study and its
overall impact on society result in a culturally/racially divided society? To answer this
question, you may want to first answer these questions: Who controlled access to
healthcare (the cure), as well as beliefs and values of minorities in society? Who were
the dominant group and how did they use their power, prestige, and status to control
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minorities within society? Who were exploited and oppressed for the benefit of the
dominant group and culture?
iii. Option 3: if using the symbolic interaction perspective/theory – identify symbols, their
meanings and how these shape social interaction
H. Write a paragraph that explains what you learned about behavior, social interaction,
culture, (beliefs, values, norms, language, and symbols), the power of the dominant
culture, the role of socialization, the power of conformity, deviance, inequality, and
social change. This can be your conclusion paragraph
This writing assignment/paper is about you discussing the events described in the essay
titled: Research or Racism: Tuskegee Syphilis Study using sociological vocabulary, terms,
and theories and providing examples to support your discussion from the essay. This is not
you rewriting what you read online about the Tuskegee Syphilis Study or what you learned
in SOCI 1301 or an overview of each chapter. Questions? Let’s talk…