When conducting a polygraph examination, relevant questions
deal directly with the topic of investigation and are assumed to elicit a
physiological response in guilty individuals.
True
False

Question 2. Question
:
Integrity tests are used to assess autonomic changes
associated with deception.
True
False

Question 3. Question
:
The Galvanic Skin response (GSR) is
an
autonomic measure associated with perspiration
a
measure of lying
a
socially desirable response set
results
from a fMRI test

Question 4. Question
:
A meta-analysis examining the effectiveness of detecting
deception reported
overall
accuracy was nearly 97%, significantly better than chance
overall
accuracy was below 20%, significantly worse than chance
overall
accuracy was 53% or no better than chance
results
could not be compared due to insufficient sample size, poor methodology and
discrepant effect sizes

Question 5. Question
:
The textbook suggests that part of the difficulty in
evaluating the effectiveness of detecting deception is
defining
what constitutes a lie
generating
rigorous hypotheses
sufficient
sample size
all
of the above were discussed in the text

Question 6. Question
:
When conducting a polygraph interview,
the
suspect should not be aware of the questions prior to the interview in order to
prevent them from using counter-measures
the
suspect is asked open ended questions increasing the opportunity for
fabrication
the
suspect is asked each question only once to prevent the use of counter-measures
none
of the above are true of the polygraph technique

Question 7. Question
:
Researchers have developed a facial coding system for
detecting deception that has a hit rate better than chance alone.
True
False

Question 8. Question
:
Investigative techniques such as profiling and polygraph
testing are considered part of
forensic
psychology
legal
psychology
trial
consultation
all
of the above

Question 9. Question
:
The NASH acronym refers to
the
National Association for Scientific Hypnosis
a
classification for the accuracy of polygraph readings
a
classification for the manner of death
none
of the above

Question 10. Question
:
Approximately how many states prohibit the use of
hypnotically-refreshed memories in court?
all
50 states prohibit the use of hypnotically-refreshed memories in court
no
states prohibit the use of hypnotically-refreshed memories in court
nearly
2/3 of the states prohibit the use of hypnotically-refreshed memories in court
10
states prohibit the use of hypnotically-refreshed memories in court

Question 11. Question
:
Integrity tests are used to assess
guilty
knowledge about a crime scene
attitudes
related to criminal behavior
personality
traits such as conscientiousness and dependability
a
moral work ethic

Question 12. Question
:
One of the leading agencies in developing standards for
training in conducting psychological autopsies is
The
American Board of Forensic Psychology
The
NASH committee
The
Board of Forensic Examiners
The
Department of Defense

Question 13. Question
:
The act of a witness selecting an individual who most
resembles the witness’s recollection of the perpetrator is termed
unconscious
transference
relative
judgment process
confirmation
bias
showup

Question 14. Question
:
Psychologists can improve eyewitness identification
procedures by assisting with
witness
characteristics
event
characteristics
system
variables
estimator
variables

Question 15. Question
:
With regards to a chronological categorization of factors
that can influence memory, which of the following is NOT a Postevent factor?
exposure
to sketches
suggestions
from others
retention
interval
all
of the above are postevent factors

Question 16. Question
:
Testifying on the accuracy or inaccuracy of eyewitness
testimony belongs to which branch of psychology?
forensic
psychology
legal
psychology
it
is not part of psychology but rather part of law enforcement
both
A and B are

Question 17. Question
:
Which Supreme Court case ruled that a showup was deemed
suggestive but not “unnecessarily” suggestive to be deemed
inadmissible?
Neil
v. Biggers (1972)
Stovall
v. Denno (1967)
Wells
v. Kentucky (1993)
Kansas
v. Hickman (1970)

Question 18. Question
:
Psychologist testifying as expert witnesses regarding the
accuracy of eyewitness testimony have argued that
eyewitness
testimony can frequently be very inaccurate
eyewitness
testimony is typically accurate 95% of the time
various
factors that can affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony need to be
considered
courts
should use the per se exclusionary rule when considering the admission of
eyewitness testimony as evidence
A
and C are both

Question 19. Question
:
With regard to using a lineup versus a photo array, research
suggests
no
difference on the effect of witnesses’ recall between the two procedures
photo
arrays are more subject to unconscious transference
a
lineup is more subject to unconscious transference
lineup
is more influenced by relative judgment process

Question 20. Question
:
The textbook suggests that the future career prospects for
criminal profilers
will
increase dramatically as serial crimes continue to rise
will
remain relatively low with very few opportunities
will
gradually increase due to new training opportunities in graduate programs
will
eventually be eliminated

Question 21. Question
:
A showup can be thought of as a special kind of lineup in
which
the
suspect is brought to the witness’s residence
the
lineup is formed at the crime scene
only
the relevant part of the suspect (i.e. head) is shown to the witness
only
the suspect is in the lineup
none
of the persons in the lineup are suspects

Question 22. Question
:
The American Psychological Association has been reluctant to
offer advice to the courts on social issues such as gun control or same -sex
marriage.
True
False

Question 23. Question
:
Recommendations for improving the accuracy of a lineup
discussed in The Lineups White Paper include all of the following EXCEPT
person
conducting the lineup should not be aware of which member of the lineup is the
suspect
eyewitness
should be told that the suspect may not be present in the lineup
eyewitness
should be told that the person conducting the procedure does not know which
person is the suspect
hypnosis
should be used to confirm the accuracy once an identification has been made

Question 24. Question
:
Future changes in forensic training are likely to include
standardization
of training guidelines
possible
future credentialing of forensic psychologists
increase
in training opportunities
all
of the above are cited in the text

Question 25. Question
:
Many professionals in the field of forensic psychology
suggest
that
the field is saturated with few opportunities for new clinicians
that
the professions has lost its professional identity due to the influx of so many
new practitioners
that
the field will continue to expand
that
the field will eventually merge with legal studies

Question 26. Question
:
The textbook suggests that one of the strongest forms of
evidence against a defendant is
circumstantial
evidence
lack
of a consistent alibi
a
failed polygraph
eyewitness
testimony evidence

Question 27. Question
:
Therapeutic jurisprudence places more emphasis on the
____________ of adjudication as opposed to the ___________.
individuals,
system
process,
outcome
psychological
well-being, physical confinement
perception,
reality

Question 28. Question
:
A document submitted to the court as an attempt to sway the
court’s opinion on a case is called an
a
guild brief
an
advocacy brief
a
science translation brief
a
friend of the court brief

Question 29. Question
:
Specialized courts such as restorative justice, drug court,
and family court all appear to be unified by what movement?
therapeutic
lawyering
forensic
psychology
therapeutic
jurisprudence
legal
psychology

Question 30. Question
:
All practicing psychologists, regardless of specialty,
should be trained at the proficiency level in forensic psychology recommended
at the Villanova Conference.
True
False

Question 31. Question
:
An example of therapeutic jurisprudence is
a
defendant working collaboratively with his lawyer to establish a plan for
probation
a
lawyer working in a supportive, empathic, warm and attentive manner when
dealing with a client who is dying
the
development of joint custody and divorce mediation
all
of the above are examples

Question 32. Question
:
Guidelines published by the American Psychological
Association are statements regarding recommended professional behavior and are
not mandatory.
True
False

Question 33. Question
:
A letter to the court to influence public policy can take be
of different types as presented in the text. These include
an
advocacy brief
a
professional guild brief
a
science translation brief
A
and C only

Question 34. Question
:
For which areas of training in forensic psychology did the
Villanova Conference make recommendations?
predoctoral
internships
graduate
didactic course work
post-doctoral
training
all
of the above

Question 35. Question
:
Economically-driven experts enter the profession
to
avoid the burden of paperwork associated with managed care
to
compensate for diminished financial opportunities
because
they are seeking alternative ways to generate income
all
of the above are true

Question 36. Question
:
Which model used by the courts for recovery of emotional
damages suggests that an individual can be compensated for emotional injury if
the plaintiff felt threatened with physical harm though absent of any physical
contact?
Impact
Rule
Physical
Injury Rule
Bystander
Proximity Rule
Full
Recovery Rule
Zone
of Danger Rule

Question 37. Question
:
Which of the following suggests ways laws might be changed, administered
or applied differently to enhance their therapeutic consequences?
therapeutic
lawyering
therapeutic
psychology
therapeutic
jurisprudence
therapeutic
law

Question 38. Question
:
In a tort, the individual whom the claim is filed against is
called the
defendant
plaintiff
prosecutor
suspect

Question 39. Question
:
A personal injury lawsuit must demonstrate that the
defendant was negligent.
True
False

Question 40. Question
:
What would comprise information included in the forensic
psychologist’s personal injury examination?
historical
records
prior
mental health records
psychological
test results
all
of the above would be included

Question 41. Question
:
Hedonic damages refers to compensation for
losing
the love and companionship of a family member
injury
that is secondarily caused by defendant
diminished
earning capacity
diminished
enjoyment in life

Question 42. Question
:
Which of the following is NOT one of the five basic tasks
associated with a forensic psychologist’s assessment for personal injury?
determining
baseline state of mental health functioning prior to the injury
the
nature of psychological impairments
the
nature of physical impairments, such as physical injuries
likely
psychological cause of each impairment or injury
all
of the above are associated with the forensic psychologist’s assessment

Question 43. Question
:
A parent witness their daughter injured on a roller coaster
ride at a large amusement park. The daughter suffers a closed-head injury with
subsequent brain damage. Internal memos from the park indicate that the danger
of the roller coaster was know for at least three years prior to the accident
though management refused to make the necessary, though expensive
modifications. What types of damages may be awarded in such a case?
loss
of consortium
future
damages
exemplary
damages
all
of the above
A and
C only

Question 44. Question
:
Which demographic variable was NOT discussed in the text as
possible basis for discrimination?
sex
race
age
religious
affiliation

Question 45. Question
:
Discovery is the process by which attorneys obtain all
information that will be submitted as evidence before a trial begins.
True
False

Question 46. Question
:
Michelle works at an auto supply store with a number of male
and female co-workers. At times, both male and female co-workers will tell
jokes with a sexual connotation and pass along indecent, though not obscene
illustrations. Although none of her female co-workers seem to care and some
even engage in the behavior, she argues that she does not have to tolerate this
conduct and that she intends to sue for hostile environment sexual harassment,
stating that her standard of decency is higher than her co-workers and needs to
be respected. The Harris v. Forklift Systems (1993) ruling states
that
the jury needs to consider if a ‘reasonable woman’ would find the environment
offensive
that
the jury needs to consider if the defendant finds the environment offensive
that
the jury needs to consider if a ‘reasonable person’ would find the environment
offensive
that
the jury needs to consider if a ‘reasonable man’ would find the environment
offensive

Question 47. Question
:
A tort is a
legal
claim in the form of a lawsuit
evidence
that there has been a dereliction which has caused harm
a
matter for criminal courts to prosecute
a
and c

Question 48. Question
:
Good faith immunity laws require that the forensic psychologist:
exercise
“good faith” when testifying regarding the ultimate issue
follow
guidelines established by the APA in conducting forensic evaluations
notify
all parties of ethical limitations and their immunity from prosecution for
cooperating
none
of the above; immunity laws have not been adopted

Question 49. Question
:
Over 60% of divorcing couples with children under the age of
18 require court-ordered parenting arrangements.
True
False

Question 50. Question
:
When one parent has both legal and physical custody, it is
termed:
legal
custody
physical
custody
divided
custody
joint
custody
sole
custody

Question 51. Question
:
The three broad categories of the Guidelines for Child
Custody Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings are:
ethics,
assessment instruments, and testimony
orienting,
general, and procedural
legal,
psychological, and public
intake,
assessment, and reporting

Question 52. Question
:
The Orienting Guidelines of the Guidelines for Child Custody
Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings address
the
psychologist’s level of specialized competence
focus
on parenting capacity
informed
consent
all
of the above

Question 53. Question
:
Research on the rate of divorce over the past 40 years
suggests that
divorce
is on the decline with more families staying together
divorce
has increased dramatically, nearly doubling since 1960
there
are fewer divorces since many individuals are delaying marriage and staying
single longer
despite
popular media accounts, the rate of divorce has been steady since the early
1960’s

Question 54. Question
:
In regard to custody recommendations, most mental health
workers would prefer to recommend
sole
custody to the mother
sole
custody to the higher income parent
joint
custody
limited
joint custody

Question 55. Question
:
Custody in which both parents share legal authority but one
parent is given exclusive physical authority refers to
joint
custody
limited
joint custody
split
custody
divided
custody

Question 56. Question
:
Which of the following is NOT a system variable?
interviewing
technique
instructions
given during a lineup
nature
of the lineup
use
of a showup
all
of the above are system variables

Question 57. Question
:
Approximately what percentage of divorcing couples with
children under 18 years old agree on custody arrangements?
10%
25%
55%
75%

Question 58. Question
:
Which doctrine states that young children, particularly
girls, should be placed with the mother?
Tender
years doctrine
Unfit
or ill-equipped parent doctrine
Best
interests of the child standard
No
doctrine stated that children should be placed with the mother

Question 59. Question
:
Which organization developed the Guidelines for Child
Custody Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings?
the
American Bar Association
the
American Association of Family and Divorce Lawyers
the
American Psychological Association
the
American Board of Forensic Examiners

Question 60. Question
:
The research evidence to date as presented in the text
indicates that the use of trial consultants
has
a favorable outcome on the side using the consultant
can
hurt a side using the consultant if the jury becomes aware of what is perceived
as an “unfair advantage’
may
or may not have an effect, no definitive research exists
usually
helps the defense and hurts the prosecution

Question 61. Question
:
A stealth juror is a jury member who secretly communicates
with a trial consultant to provide feedback on courtroom strategy.
True
False

Question 62. Question
:
The goal of a community survey in jury selection is to:
develop
a offender description
test
out trial strategies
identify
characteristics associated with a favorable verdict
argue
for a change of venue

Question 63. Question
:
The majority of trial consultants have their background in:
law
either
psychology or communication
law
enforcement
sociology

Question 64. Question
:
Voir dire refers to the process of an attorney requesting
that a trail is moved to a different jurisdiction so as to insure a fair trial.
True
False

Question 65. Question
:
Attorney West hires a trial consultant, Ms. Flemming, to
assist with voir dire. Ms. Flemming will most likely conduct
a
mock trial
a
community survey
a
videotape of witness testimony
a
review of the media coverage

Question 66. Question
:
Which of the following is NOT an example of an amicus brief?
an
expert brief
an
advocacy brief
a
science-translation brief
all
of the above are examples of an amicus brief

Question 67. Question
:
Research suggests that in criminal cases significant
pretrial publicity
can
bias the jury against the defense
can
bias the jury against the prosecution
frequently
has little effect on potential jurors’ opinions
almost
always leads to an acquittal

Question 68. Question
:
Empirical attempts to establish relationships between
demographic characteristics, personality traits, and attitudes to verdict
inclinations characterizes
traditional
jury selection
empiricism
scientific
jury selection
social
psychological jury selection

Question 69. Question
:
The major distinction between mediation and arbitration is
a
mediator has more control over the final outcome
an
arbitrator has more control over the final outcome
arbitrators
can influence the process but not the decision
mediators
can influence the decision but not the process

Question 70. Question
:
The removal of a juror from the prospective panel for no
avowed reason is referred to as:
voir
dire
challenge
for cause
peremptory
challenge
no
avowed reason challenge

S