POST PSY341 Unit 1 DB 1.1 & DB 1.2 LATEST 2016 MARCHDB 1.1Why is research important for the fields of Psychology and Sociology?When responding to ALL discussion boards, please follow all instructions found in the Discussion Board RubricDB 1.2Describe the scientific method and explain how it is applied in the Social Sciences. Please use the link below to guide your answer, and give specific examples of the 6 different sections.POST PSY341 Unit 2 DB 2.1 & DB 2.2 LATEST 2016 MARCHDB 2.1An article contains a few sections. Please define each, discuss what purpose they serve, and provide examples of what each may contain. Make sure to include the components of an article’s literature review section and why we need them in studies. Please use the Unit 2 Presentation and the following links to guide your response:DB 2.2Imagine the following scenario:You are trying to figure out who stole the snicker’s bar from your office, and you notice a snicker’s bar in Jim’s office, down the hall. You conclude that Jim stole your snicker’s bar.Is this an example of inductive or deductive reasoning, or both? Why? Please use your lecture and this youtube video to help when thinking about your answerPOST PSY341 Unit 3 DB 3.1 & DB 3.2 LATEST 2016 MARCHDB 3.1What are the differences between exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory studies? Also, what are the differences between cross-sectional and longitudinal studies? Which type of study would you be most interested in running (for example, an explanatory, longitudinal study)? Why?DB 3.2What is sampling, and why do we do it? Also, what is random assignment, and why do we use it? Please use the readings from the text to help guide your answer.POST PSY341 Unit 4 DB 4.1 & DB 4.2 LATEST 2016 MARCHDB 4.1What are reliability and validity, and why is it important to consider them when designing a study? When defining reliability and validity, please discuss inter-rater reliability, test-retest reliability, internal validity, and external validity. Also, Please provide a real-life example of when it is important to have strong inter-rater reliability (in your chosen field, or in other testing experiences that you have had).DB 4.2Create a 6-question survey on a topic of your choice. Please have the first 3 items as examples of good questions (e.g., open-ended for a qualitative study) and the last 3 examples of poorly chosen questions (e.g., double-barreled or biased questions). Please identify at least 5 concepts from your text to explain why the good questions are good and why the poorly worded questions are bad.POST PSY341 Unit 5 DB 5.1 & DB 5.2 LATEST 2016 MARCHDB 5.1Quantitative studies can be designed in many ways. Please explain the differences between and among the following:a) experimental, quasi-experimental, and pre-experimental studies (be sure to discuss the concept and usage of a control group)b) between-subjects and within-subjects studiesc) non and single and double blind studiesAfter you differentiate between the above concepts, please upload the pdf of a study and explain how it might be different if one or more of the above were changed.DB 5.2Anethnographyis a detailed, qualitative study that emphasizes describing a concept with precision and accuracy, as opposed to explaining what causes it. What are the advantages and disadvantages to running this type of study, as opposed to a quantitative experiment? Also, what is theethnographic fallacy, and why should scientists be wary of it?POST PSY341 Unit 6 DB 6.1 & DB 6.2 LATEST 2016 MARCHDB 6.1What are the measures of central tendency and measures of variability? Why do we use them? What are the differences between the two?DB 6.2Please explain the following statistical tests, as well as when they are used: Correlation, Independent T-test, One Way ANOVA. Please provide an example of how you would write up the results for each test in an APA style report. Please keep it in paragraph format, and don’t include any output or tables. Use the following links to help guide your answerPOST PSY341 Unit 7 DB 7.1 & DB 7.2 LATEST 2016 MARCHDB 7.1Take a look at the qualitative data below. In this qualitative study, participants were asked to state what they would think if they were told they had fatal disease. What are some themes you notice from the data? Into what categories could you sort the data? There are an infinite amount of correct answers – be creative!DB 7.2Find a peer-reviewed, qualitative study, and discuss the types of data they provide, as well as how they analyzed them. Did you pick up anything from the data that they didn’t? What did the experimenters do well and what could they have done better?Don’t forget to upload the pdf of the study in case others are interested in learning more about it!POST PSY341 Unit 8 DB 8.1 & DB 8.2 LATEST 2016 MARCHDB 8.1In a discussion section, there is a focus on the overall conclusion of the study, limitations of the study, and future directions for the area being studied. Please explain these three sections and discuss why they are important. Please use your lecture and the following article to helpDB 8.2Think about all of the studies you have examined so far. What role does culture play in social science research? Please reflect on and discuss how cross-cultural issues, such as race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, and other cultures play a role. Please be specific as to the cultures discussed and provide examples.POST PSY341 UNIT 1 ASSIGNMENT PART 1 LATEST 2016 MARCHAssignments submitted through this link will be checked using SafeAssign by Blackboard. Your work will not be used for any purpose other than preventing plagiarism in the University. Ownership of the intellectual property contained in your written work will not be transferred to any third party. Please submit your paper as a Word Document. If you have the 2010 version of Word, please save your paper in a previous version (Word 97-2003 document) as Safe Assign may not accept the most recent version.For Part I: See the Non-Research Paper SafeAssignment Rubric (found in the Course Information Section) for details. You will need to follow the Rubric in order to receive a passing grade. Please email your Instructor if you are unable to locate it. For Part II: Please submit the pdf of the article you located (see below)POST PSY341 UNIT 2 ASSIGNMENT LATEST 2016 MARCHAssignments submitted through this link will be checked using SafeAssign by Blackboard. Your work will not be used for any purpose other than preventing plagiarism in the University. Ownership of the intellectual property contained in your written work will not be transferred to any third party. Please submit your paper as a Word Document. If you have the 2010 version of Word, please save your paper in a previous version (Word 97-2003 document) as Safe Assign may not accept the most recent version.In this unit, you will create a hypothesis the topic below. Please see the Research Rubric for specific details required for your submission:Topic: The effect of heat on aggressionAs a class, we will build upon the topic throughout the Mod. For example, this unit (Unit 2) you will create a hypothesis, IV, and DV based on the above topic. Your grade and feedback will be based on how well you do so. When we discuss sampling in Unit 3, you will be provided with a new, related hypothesis, IV, and DV, and will be asked to create a sample based upon them. Thus, we will explore – and have you identify – a new component for each unit until we have every component necessary for a research paper.Please see the Research Paper SafeAssignments Rubric for specifics. You need to follow the Rubric in order to receive a passing grade.POST PSY341 UNIT 3 ASSIGNMENT LATEST 2016 MARCHAssignments submitted through this link will be checked using SafeAssign by Blackboard. Your work will not be used for any purpose other than preventing plagiarism in the University. Ownership of the intellectual property contained in your written work will not be transferred to any third party. Please submit your paper as a Word Document. If you have the 2010 version of Word, please save your paper in a previous version (Word 97-2003 document) as Safe Assign may not accept the most recent version.In this unit, you will create a sample using the following information. Please see the Research Rubric for specific details required for your submission:Topic: The effect of heat on aggressionHypothesis: Heat will increase aggressionIndependent Variable: HeatDependent Variable: AggressionReferences:Anderson, C. (1989). Temperature and aggression: ubiquitous effects of heat on occurrence of human violence. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 74-96.Anderson, A.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002). Human Aggression. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 27-51.Bushman BJ. 1995. Moderating role of trait aggressiveness in the effects of violent media on aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 950–60.Please see the Research Paper SafeAssignments Rubricfor specifics. You need to follow the Rubric in order to receive a passing grade.POST PSY341 UNIT 4 ASSIGNMENT LATEST 2016 MARCHAssignments submitted through this link will be checked using SafeAssign by Blackboard. Your work will not be used for any purpose other than preventing plagiarism in the University. Ownership of the intellectual property contained in your written work will not be transferred to any third party. Please submit your paper as a Word Document. If you have the 2010 version of Word, please save your paper in a previous version (Word 97-2003 document) as Safe Assign may not accept the most recent version.In this unit, you will create two operationalizations using the following information. Please see the Research Rubric for specific details required for your submission:Topic: The effect of heat on aggressionHypothesis: Heat will increase aggressionIndependent Variable: HeatDependent Variable: AggressionReferences:Anderson, C. (1989). Temperature and aggression: ubiquitous effects of heat on occurrence of human violence. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 74-96.Anderson, A.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002). Human Aggression. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 27-51.Bushman BJ. 1995. Moderating role of trait aggressiveness in the effects of violent media on aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 950–60.Sample: 60 adults (30 male, 30 female; ages 20 – 40, mean = 30; 60% Caucasian, 20% African American, 10% Hispanic, 5% Asian, 5% Other) gathered from various states on the east coast.Please see the Research Paper SafeAssignments Rubricfor specifics. You need to follow the Rubric in order to receive a passing grade.POST PSY341 UNIT 5 ASSIGNMENT LATEST 2016 MARCHAssignments submitted through this link will be checked using SafeAssign by Blackboard. Your work will not be used for any purpose other than preventing plagiarism in the University. Ownership of the intellectual property contained in your written work will not be transferred to any third party. Please submit your paper as a Word Document. If you have the 2010 version of Word, please save your paper in a previous version (Word 97-2003 document) as Safe Assign may not accept the most recent version.In this unit, you will create a design and procedure using the following information. Please see the Research Rubric for specific details required for your submission:Topic: The effect of heat on aggressionHypothesis: Heat will increase aggressionIndependent Variable: HeatDependent Variable: AggressionReferences:Anderson, C. (1989). Temperature and aggression: ubiquitous effects of heat on occurrence of human violence. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 74-96.Anderson, A.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002). Human Aggression. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 27-51.Bushman BJ. 1995. Moderating role of trait aggressiveness in the effects of violent media on aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 950–60.Sample: 60 adults (30 male, 30 female; ages 20 – 40, mean = 30; 60% Caucasian, 20% African American, 10% Hispanic, 5% Asian, 5% Other) gathered from various states on the east coast.Operationalized IV: TemperatureOperationalized DV: Number of punchesPlease see the Research Paper SafeAssignments Rubric for specifics. You need to follow the Rubric in order to receive a passing grade.POST PSY341 UNIT 6 ASSIGNMENT LATEST 2016 MARCHAssignments submitted through this link will be checked using SafeAssign by Blackboard. Your work will not be used for any purpose other than preventing plagiarism in the University. Ownership of the intellectual property contained in your written work will not be transferred to any third party. Please submit your paper as a Word Document. If you have the 2010 version of Word, please save your paper in a previous version (Word 97-2003 document) as Safe Assign may not accept the most recent version.In this unit, you will determine your statistical analyses (and rationale for its use) using the following information. Please see the Research Rubric for specific details required for your submission:Topic: The effect of heat on aggressionHypothesis: Heat will increase aggressionIndependent Variable: HeatDependent Variable: AggressionReferences:Anderson, C. (1989). Temperature and aggression: ubiquitous effects of heat on occurrence of human violence. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 74-96.Anderson, A.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002). Human Aggression. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 27-51.Bushman BJ. 1995. Moderating role of trait aggressiveness in the effects of violent media on aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 950–60.Sample: 60 adults (30 male, 30 female; ages 20 – 40, mean = 30; 60% Caucasian, 20% African American, 10% Hispanic, 5% Asian, 5% Other) gathered from various states on the east coast.Operationalized IV: Temperature Operationalized DV: Number of punchesProcedure:Participants met separately with the experimenter a quiet room during the summer. They sat at a desk in a cushioned chair with the room at one of two temperatures: hot (about 90 degrees) or cold (about 65 degrees), depending on their condition. In the center of the room was a blow-up doll that would bounce back to the normal condition when punched. The Informed Consent Form was signed first, which indicated that the current study was about aggression. Next, participants were asked to punch the doll as much as they would like for 30 seconds. The number of punches was recorded by the experimenter. After the 30 seconds, participants were thanked and debriefed.Design: a) experimental, b) between-subjects, c) single blindPLEASE ALSO REFER TO DATA WHICH CAN BE FOUND IN THE SEPARATE EXCEL FILE: .blackboard.com/webapps/mdb-sa-bb_bb60/@X@EmbeddedFile.requestUrlStub@X@bbcswebdav/xid-24807750_1″ title=”Research data set (excel file)”>ResearchData.xslx.Please see the Research Paper SafeAssignments Rubric for specifics. You need to follow the Rubric in order to receive a passing grade.POST PSY341 UNIT 7 ASSIGNMENT LATEST 2016 MARCHAssignments submitted through this link will be checked using SafeAssign by Blackboard. Your work will not be used for any purpose other than preventing plagiarism in the University. Ownership of the intellectual property contained in your written work will not be transferred to any third party. Please submit your paper as a Word Document. If you have the 2010 version of Word, please save your paper in a previous version (Word 97-2003 document) as Safe Assign may not accept the most recent version.This unit’s work is NOT a part of your mini-research paper.Please see the Non-Research Paper SafeAssignments Rubric for specifics. You need to follow the Rubric in order to receive a passing grade.In the following imaginary study (data link below), participants who had trouble dieting were put into three conditions: 1) Scared Straight – they are yelled at and shown overweight people to scare them into dieting, 2) Motivational Interviewing – they are asked to think about how life would be better if they dieted and how life would be worse if they did not, and 3) No intervention. After the intervention (or no intervention) took place, participants were asked to report how much they ate the following week. The goal of the study is to see which intervention will reduce eating the most. Weight was also measured to see if there was any relationship between the weight of the participants and their performance in the week from the intervention.Please produce the statistical analysis for a t-test (Compare the Scared Straight and No Intervention Groups), ANOVA (Compare the Scared Straight, Motivational Interviewing, and No Intervention Groups, and correlation (see if there is a relationship between weight and any of the 3 conditions: weak, moderate, or strong, and positive or negative – and what that means) using the given data. Please report all of the results (both the output and your interpretation) and include all other previously already established components).POST PSY341 UNIT 8 FINAL RESEARCH PAPER ASSIGNMENT LATEST 2016 MARCHAssignments submitted through this link will be checked using SafeAssign by Blackboard. Your work will not be used for any purpose other than preventing plagiarism in the University. Ownership of the intellectual property contained in your written work will not be transferred to any third party. Please submit your paper as a Word Document. If you have the 2010 version of Word, please save your paper in a previous version (Word 97-2003 document) as Safe Assign may not accept the most recent version.Please see the Research Paper SafeAssignments Rubric for specifics. You need to follow the Rubric in order to receive a passing grade.POST PSY341 UNIT 8 FINAL EXAM LATEST 2016 MARCHQuestion 12 out of 2 pointsCorrectWhich of the following is NOT one of the six steps of the Scientific Method?Communicate Findings to OthersDesign/Run a StudyReview the LiteratureQuestion 20 out of 2 pointsWhere in an article does the Literature Review usually appear?MiddleEndQuestion 32 out of 2 pointsThe topics of the study, if complex, are usually defined within the Introduction section of an article.TrueFalseQuestion 42 out of 2 pointsWhich study design would be the most appropriate? You don’t know anything about women, so you observe them and take notes on them to learn more.ExplanatoryDescriptiveQuestion 50 out of 2 pointsWhich study design would be the most appropriate? You know that there is a new treatment in a prison that seems to work. You believes it causes prisoners to think differently, so you run a study that measures thoughts. You compare a control group that receives no treatment with one that receives the new prison treatment.ExplanatoryDescriptiveQuestion 62 out of 2 pointsWhich study design would be the most appropriate? You observe two different prisons, one that has air-conditioning and one that doesn’t, to see which has more rioting.Cross-SectionalCross-SectionalLongitudinalQuestion 72 out of 2 pointsWhich study design would be the most appropriate? You follow around the same prisoner for a year, measuring the changes in his aggression during each season of the year.Cross-SectionalLongitudinalQuestion 82 out of 2 pointsWhich of the following is NOT a typical section included in a research study article:MethodDiscussionCorrectTheoryResultsIntroductionQuestion 92 out of 2 pointsYour hypothesis is largely based on the findings of previous literature regarding your topic.TrueFalseQuestion 100 out of 2 pointsWhat is the Independent Variable of this study’s hypothesis? Adolescents with single-parents are more likely to have low self-esteem.Being an adolescentHaving single-parentsHaving low self-esteemQuestion 112 out of 2 pointsWhat is the Independent Variable of this study’s hypothesis? A person’s anger will be increased when he or she takes revenge.The personThe angerThe revengeQuestion 122 out of 2 pointsWhat is the Dependent Variable of this study’s hypothesis? Financial strain is the leading cause of bank robbery in Michigan.Bank RobberyFinancial StrainBank RobberyThe Bank RobbersMichiganQuestion 132 out of 2 pointsWhich is true?The Independent Variable influences the Dependent VariableThe Independent Variable influences the Dependent VariableThe Dependent Variable influences the Independent VariableThe Independent Variable and Dependent Variable equally affect each otherQuestion 142 out of 2 pointsIs the following an example of Inductive or Deductive Reasoning? You think: If all seagulls have wings, and all seagulls fly, then all animals with wings must fly.Inductive ReasoningInductive ReasoningDeductive ReasoningQuestion 152 out of 2 pointsIs the following an example of Inductive or Deductive Reasoning? You think: Jack is taller than Jill, and Jill is taller than George. Therefore, Jack is taller than George.Deductive ReasoningInductive ReasoningDeductive ReasoningQuestion 160 out of 2 pointsIs the following an example of Inductive or Deductive Reasoning? You know from previous studies that if someone punches a pillow to get rid of their anger, they will become more angry next time. You run a study based on this knowledge and have many people feel very angry later on from punching a pillow.Inductive ReasoningInductive ReasoningDeductive ReasoningQuestion 170 out of 2 pointsWhich of the following is NOT one of the top advantages of using self-report measures when compared to other types?More Cost-effectiveQuickerMore ValidCan administer more than one at a timeQuestion 182 out of 2 pointsWhich of the following is NOT true of a peer-reviewed article?It is always considered scholarlyIt always has been edited many timesIt is always reviewed by experts in the fieldIt is always reviewed by friends of the authorQuestion 192 out of 2 pointsWhich APA-style citation is correct?One study found men to be “overly aggressive.” (Smith, pg. 3, 2000)One study found men to be “overly aggressive” (Smith, p. 3).One study found men to be “overly aggressive.”(Smith, 2000, pg. 3)Question 202 out of 2 pointsWhich APA-style citation is correct?One study, Smith (pg. 3), found men to be “overly aggressive.” (2000)One study, Smith (p.3), found men to be “overly aggressive”.One study, Smith (2000), found men to be “overly aggressive.” (pg. 3)Question 212 out of 2 pointsWhich APA-style reference is correct?Smith, J. K. (2000). Angry birds. Journal of Psychology, 28 (4), 15-16.J.K. Smith, p. 15-16, Angry birds. Journal of Psychology, 28 (4), 2000.Smith, J. K. (2000). Angry birds. Journal of Psychology, 28 (4), 15-16.Smith, J. K. (2000). Angry birds. Journal of Psychology, 28 (4), 15-16.Question 222 out of 2 pointsWhich of the following is NOT another word for reliability?DependabilityStabilityQuestion 232 out of 2 pointsWhich of the following is NOT another word for validity?AccuracyAuthenticityTruthfulnessLoyaltyQuestion 242 out of 2 pointsWhich type of reliability is this? A test that is given today will receive the same score if given tomorrow.Test-retestInternal ConsistencyInter-raterParallel formsQuestion 250 out of 2 pointsWhich type of validity is this? An experimenter that wants to measure depression makes sure her test indicates depressive behaviors and not something else.CriterionConstructQuestion 262 out of 2 pointsA weighing scale that is always 10 pounds off reflects:High validity; Low reliabilityHigh validity; High reliabilityLow validity; Low reliabilityQuestion 272 out of 2 pointsCritical thinking question: Which of the following is a reason an experimenter might design a test with low face validity?If she wants the participant to know what she is testingIf she does not want the participant to know what she is testingIf she wants the test to have similar scores when taken at different timesIf she wants the test to be reliableQuestion 282 out of 2 pointsWhich of the following is NOT typically a component of a method section?ResultsParticipantsDesignProcedureMaterialsQuestion 292 out of 2 pointsThe results section gives the data found in a study, as well as the interpretations and implications of that data.TrueFalseQuestion 302 out of 2 pointsA large sample size will be more accurate than a small sample size.TrueFalseQuestion 310 out of 2 pointsWhich of the following is NOT an example of probability sampling?Simple RandomSystematicStratifiedCorrectConvenienceQuestion 322 out of 2 pointsTypically, quantitative study design has a firmer agenda and requires more preparation beforehand than qualitative study design.TrueFalseQuestion 332 out of 2 pointsQuantitative study design is more likely to be exploratory than qualitative.TrueFalseQuestion 342 out of 2 pointsQuantitative study design follows a more structured order than qualitative.TrueFalseQuestion 352 out of 2 pointsCorrectWhile there is a feminist paradigm that focuses on viewing society from a female perspective, there can really be paradigms for any culture, including religion, ethnicity, and political affiliation.TrueFalseQuestion 36Critical thinking question: Which design is a cross-sectional study more likely to have?Question 372 out of 2 pointsSince most studies done in America use American participants, the findings of those studies might not apply to other countries.TrueFalseQuestion 380 out of 2 pointsRandomly assigning participants to two groups balances out the groups, making them as similar as possible.TrueFalseQuestion 392 out of 2 pointsWhich study design would be the most appropriate for the following scenario: You are measuring the difference in how well you play hockey from the beginning to end.Within-subjectsBetween-subjectsQuestion 402 out of 2 pointsCorrectWhich study design would be the most appropriate for the following scenario: You are measuring the difference in how well the home hockey team plays compared to the visiting team.Within-subjectsBetween-subjectsQuestion 412 out of 2 pointsWhich study design is the most likely to be used for this scenario: You are creating a study that examines the effects of being a victim of trauma on adult anxiety.Classic (True) ExperimentalQuasi-ExperimentalPre-experimentalQuestion 422 out of 2 pointsWhich study design is the most likely to be used for this scenario: You are creating a study where you are measuring the effects of music on anger. You randomly assign people into two different groups: Music and no music and have them think of angry thoughts while listening to music or no music.Classic (True) ExperimentalQuasi-ExperimentalPre-experimentalQuestion 432 out of 2 pointsWould you use a mean or median with the following dataset: 1,3,3,5,6,18?MeanMedianQuestion 442 out of 2 pointsWhat is the mode of the following dataset: 1,3,3,5,6,18?35618Question 452 out of 2 pointsThe p-value has to be less than what number for the findings of a statistical test to be significant?.05.01.05.1.5Question 462 out of 2 pointsWhat is your z-score if you scored a 20 on an exam with a mean of 20 and a standard deviation of 10?011020Question 472 out of 2 pointsHow many groups are compared in an ANOVA?3 or more123 or moreQuestion 482 out of 2 pointsWhich of the following is NOT something a t-test and a correlation have in common?They can compare 2 groupsYou can find out relationships between different groupsYou can tell whether or not there is significance using a p-valueYou can see if the Independent Variable influences the Dependent VariableQuestion 492 out of 2 pointsWhich of the following is NOT a component of a research study’s Discussion section?Compares the study’s findings to the findings of previous researchDiscusses the limitation of a studyDemonstrates how the study was runProvides suggestions for future research studiesQuestion 500 out of 2 pointsWhich is NOT an example of a safeguard used to prevent/reduce potential harm to participants?Informing the participant about the details of the study before participatingDebriefing the participant after participatingConfirming that the participant is participating as a volunteerEnsuring the participant that all of the data is confidentialPOST PSY341 UNIT 1 QUIZ ETHICS LATEST 2016 MARCHQuestion 133 out of 33 pointsMilgrim’s study might be considered unethical because it puts the participants under emotional duress.Question 233 out of 33 pointsMilgrim’s study might be considered unethical because it causes physical harm to participants by shocking them.The participants themselves were not shocked. They were asked to shock actors who they were told were also participants. The actors were only pretending to be shocked.Question 30 out of 34 pointsAnother reason Milgrim’s study might be considered unethical is that it involves deception without debriefing the participants at the end. Which of the following principles does that involve the most?POST PSY341 Unit 2 Quiz – Hypothesis, IVs, and DVs LATEST 2016 MARCH• Question 10 out of 33 pointsWhich of the following is a hypothesis from the study?”There is a statistically significant lower depression levels onthe older adults in the music group than those in a non-music group.””The findings contribute to knowledge about the effectivenessof music used as an intervention to relieve depression forolder adults.””Recent studies have shown that giving participants a choice of music lowered anxiety, promoted relaxation and led to effective treatment (Hsu & Lai 2004, Lee et al. 2005, Chang et al. 2008, Chan et al. 2009).”1 There is a statistically significant lower depression levels onthe older adults in the music group than those in a non-music group.(see page 777).• Question 20 out of 33 pointsPlease take a look at the following article: Chan et al – Effects of music on depression in older people.pdfWhich of the following is the Independent Variable?MusicDepressionOlder PeopleAll of the Above• Question 334 out of 34 pointsWhich of the following is the Dependent Variable of this study?Response Feedback: Use the following format: The effect of ___(the IV)___ on ___(the DV)___.The IV is the influencer.The DV is the outcome.The IV controls the DV.The DV is dependent upon the IVPOST PSY341 Unit 3 Quiz – Sample LATEST 2016 MARCHQuestion 133 out of 33 pointsHow many participants were there in the study?40204050The number of participants was omitted from the article by the authors.”The subjects were 40 males between the ages of 20 and 50, drawn from New Haven and the surrounding communities.”(see page 372).Question 233 out of 33 pointsWhat was the gender of the participants in the study?MenWomenMenWomen and MenThe genders of the participants were omitted by the author.”The subjects were 40 males between the ages of 20 and 50, drawn from New Haven and the surrounding communities.”(see page 372)Question 334 out of 34 pointsCorrectWhat was the ethnicity of the participants in the study?The ethnicity of the participants was omitted by the author.100% Caucasian100% African American50% White 50% BlackThe ethnicity of the participants was omitted by the author.No information listed on p. 372 or elsewhere in the article.POST PSY341 Unit 4 Quiz – Operationalizations LATEST 2016 MARCHQuestion 10 out of 17 pointsThe Independent Variable of the above article is playing violent video games. How is that operationalized?Having all participants sign an informed consent form.Playing a video game twice a week for 2 hours each time.Filling out the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ).Finding that playing violent video games leads to an increase in aggressive attitudes.Question 20 out of 17 pointsOne of the Dependent Variables of the above article is Trait Aggression. How is that operationalized?Having the participants sign an informed consent formHaving the participants play video games twice a week for two hours.Finding that playing violent video games leads to an increase in aggressive studies.The operationalization refers to how the variable is measured, represented, or made tangible.For the operationalized IV see page 598. The idea of “playing violent video games” is operationalized by playing Grand Theft Auto twice a week for two hours.For the operationalized DV see page 599. The idea of “Trait Aggression” is operationalized by asking a person (through a questionnaire) about his or her aggression.Question 317 out of 17 pointsPlease take a look at the following article: Teng et al – Video games and Aggression.pdfThe study has three Dependent Variables: Trait Aggression, Attitudes toward Violence, and empathy. Which of the following was not an operationalization of any of those three variables?State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2)Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ)State-Trait Anger