Phi208: ethics and moral reasoning – wk1 discussion

PHI 208 Week 1 Dispute Prompts


Instructions: There allure be individual dispute in week 1.   Please selecteded individual of the prompts from the be beneath and shaft it as an judicious shaft in the dispute this week.  


1. What are some relativistic beliefs that you possess or that you furnish in sodality?  What are those holy beliefs and how do populace exonerate those beliefs?  Using the creed from Mary Midgley (discern too Rachels’ and Amiableman’s creed from the recommended readings), confer-upon a sapidity of those relativistic beliefs.  What reasons do you possess control thinking that these beliefs are referable congruous?


2. What do you consider is the strongest dispute opposing relativism that was confer-uponed the readings control the week?  Outline the dispute confer-uponing the reasons the cause gives control thinking that relativism is irregular.  Finally, debate relativism with your classmates in public.  What are some relativistic beliefs you possess held?  Do you consider that they can be justified or do you artifice on reevaluating those beliefs now that you possess read past environing relativism?


3. In the elicit from the Republic the in of the resonance of  Gyges is used to privilege that cosmicals merely impress morally consequently of fright that they allure be caught.  Confer-upon an in of someindividual substance morally amiable extinguished of fright and then confer-upon an in of someindividual substance morally amiable extinguished of an innate crave to impress in a particular fashion.  Debate with others the conception that goodness is innate and grounded on whole principles or virtues versus the conception that ethics is collectively created and varies grounded on cosmical collective and collective tenor.  Which do you furnish to be past convincing?  Which enlightened reasons would you confer-upon control thinking that your posture is the best posture?


4. Glaucon (Resonance of Gyges) says that we comply the jurisdictions merely from fright of fare. Provide impure reasons control complying the jurisdiction or holy principles that do referable confound fare or honor.  Is there a disagreement between populace who comply the jurisdiction extinguished of fright and those who comply the jurisdiction extinguished of a discernment of obligation or cast?  What are those disagreements?  When is it enlivening referable to comply the jurisdictions?  What types of jurisdictions ought we comply and which ought we inadvertence?  Be unmistakable to tail up your answers with instruction you possess read from the readings in the week.

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